Bharatpur Bird Sanctury - Also Known As
Keoladeo Ghana National Park
Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary is a popular countryside for international
tourists, which is one reason to place this picturesque composition of flora
and fauna in the world tourist map. The Keoladeo Ghana National Park lies
5kms to the south of the city center of Bharatpur in Rajasthan., which is
located 50 km to the west of Agra. The name Keoladeo, is derived from the
name of an ancient Hindu temple devoted to Lord Shiva in the sanctuary's
central zone while the Hindi term 'Ghana' implies dense, thick areas of
forest cover. This enchanting Park came into being in the 18th century, when
Maharajah Suraj Mahl of Bhartpur converted a low lying swamp formed by the
confluence of Ghambhir and Banganga river into a reservoir named as "Ajun
Bund". After which a fine system of small dams, dykes and sluice gates
was made so as to control the water level in the different sections of
Bharatpur. Within a few years, migratory birds began to settle in vast
numbers. Naturally, his primary concern was not the environment but, rather,
his desire to take guests on shooting sprees.
Getting There !!!
Do you know, Keoladeo Ghana National Park is a
home to more than 370 species of birds from across the world, and there are
over 50,000 trees to support this natural habitat of birds.
The nearest airport, Agra is 54 kms. However,
convenient airports from Bombay are Jaipur (174 km) and Delhi (182 km) since
there are no direct flights to Agra from Mumbai.
Bharatpur Railway Station is nearly 6 km far
from the Keoladeo Ghana National Park and regular rail services connect
Bharatpur with all the major cities of India such as Delhi, Mumbai, Jaipur
and Agra. Some of the important rail connections are Golden Temple Mail,
Intercity Express & Paschim Express that connects Bharatpur with the
other major cities. A good service from Delhi to Bharatpur is the Firozpur
A fine network of RSTC buses connects
Bharatpur with the major cities like Delhi, Utter Pradesh, Haryana. This
beautiful Bharatpur bird sanctuary Park is on the Agra-Jaipur highway, it
takes just two hours by bus from Agra and an hour from Fatehpur Sikri. Buses
from Jaipur takes around four an half hours. Agra (54 km), Delhi (182 km),
Fatehpur Sikri (20 km), Jaipur (174 km), Mathura (36 km) and Sariska (130
Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary is now declared a "World Heritage" by
UNESCO. The entire park is situated over an area of approximately 29 sq.
km., with a water body covering an area of approximately 11 sq. km.
The uninitiated visitor gets an impression of an untamed forest right in
the midst of a bustling town "Bharatpur". Yet, that is not so,
nature lovers soon realize that, despite being located so near to a town,
the natural habitat required for wildlife should be well preserved.
Therefore, due to efforts of the localities, a large variety of local as
well as migratory birds are found in the park. Depending on the various
surroundings of the forest. This former duck-hunting reserve of the
Maharajah is now, one of the major wintering areas for large numbers of
aquatic birds from Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, China and Siberia. Some 364
species of birds, including the rare Siberian Crane, have been recorded in
the park. One of the rare birds sighted in the park is the Siberian Crane.
As the name suggests, they come from Siberia and travel to the south
vegetation to avoid the severe winters. Traditionally, Bharatpur has been
one of their winter homes.
to Populous Feather Spices !!!
Do You Know
The main guest of Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary -
Siberian Cranes travel to the sub-continent of India all the way from Orb
River basin in Siberia and an estimated 100 of these birds have perished
over last 12 years during their 5000 km long journey.
Siberian Cranes stand four feet tall and are a pristine white, with
brilliant black feathers underneath which are visible only when the birds
are in flight. The Indian Crane (Saras) is also to be found in Bharatpur and
is beautiful to watch. Among other birds that enhance the colourful
environment, are the painted storks, the black-necked storks, various types
of kingfishers, pelicans, Grey and black partridges, common and jungle bush
quails, red and yellow wattled lapwings, Grey and purple herons, black
bitterns (rare birds), crow pheasants, lesser spotted eagles, and Grey leg
geese. Here one can also chase chital deer, sambar, nilgai, feral cattle,
wild cats, hyenas, whilst near Python Point, there are usually some very
large rock pythons. While strolling through the park one can spot tourists
armed with cameras waiting patiently to get the right shot. For those
interested in nature, especially birds, the Bharatpur bird sanctuary is
indeed a pleasure, haven of delight. It is one that ornithologists ardently
swear by and return time and again.
The Virgin Secrets of
Do You Know
One of the most famous residents of the Keoladeo
NP are the big rock pythons that inhabit the various 'Python Points' in the
park and often bask on rocks in winter.
Nestling at around 37 km from the green quarters of Bharatpur, Deeg is a
charming little Rajasthani town with a massive fort and a magnificent old
palace. The ruined ramparts still sing the glory of Raja Suraj Mal who
defeated a combined Mughal and Maratha army of some 80,000 men to save Deeg,
his second capital. The massive 92-feet high walls of the fort with its 12
bastions, are fun to explore. Some of the bastions still have their cannons
in place. Suraj Mal's palace is equally fascinating. Appreciate the
intricate marble work and don't forget to check out the impressive stuffed
tiger shot by the Maharaja. Ask the caretaker and he will guide you to the
old Hanuman Mandir with a secret passage to the king's bedroom, that was
built, so that the kingcould visit the temple before he got dressed in his
daily regalia. If you happen to be there during the local festivals, you can
experience a tide of myriad colours flowing in to the intricate and ancient
water fountain, still working without a flaw.
Best Time To Visit !!!
Vehicles are not allowed inside the park to contain vehicular pollution.
Cycle rickshaws are available and offer a convenient mode of transport. In
fact, the rickshaw pullers act as guides, and diligently stop whenever there
is a good sighting of birds. There are number of seasons, that make this
wildlife sanctuary none other than a true heaven on earth. The best time to
visit Keoladeo National Park is between March to June, it makes the best
time to see the nesting and breeding of local birds. Whereas the migratory
birds can be easily viewed in between July to September. However, if one is
interested in spotting rare migratory birds, then do plan your visit in
between October and February, it is the most favorable time to see nomadic
birds. The park Sanctuary is open to tourist from 6 am to 6 pm, after late
evening no entry is allowed.
Do you know, the unique cycle rickshaw safari
through the immense greenery of the park is one of the major attractions of
Keoladeo Ghana National Park. The rickshaw-pullers are actually guides, you
will be surprised to know their knowledge on birds.
Bharatpur Wildlife has its own charm, as one start exploring the various
corners of the park. But in the recent times, we have seen that most of the
travellers act in a manner harmful for our animal friends. To reduce such
incidents please follow the wildlife tips, that will greatly help in
preservation of wildlife.
- Do make your visit to the wildlife sanctuary in the early hours of
mornings, as its the main time for one to spot large number of migratory
birds around various shores.
- Never touch an infant. Because the parents of infant might attack you
by thinking that you are causing a harm to its offspring.
- Do not through papers and plastic item inside the cages, it is a
danger to the health of the animal inside the cage.
- A tourist should not indulge into activities like shouting, screaming
or making loud sounds as it might effect the Eco-friendly environment
- Avoid wandering into the wildlife around late evenings .
- Do not try to climb the tree inside the wildlife sanctuary, since
they provide homes to wide range of wildlife.
- Do not steal infant birds or animals from the sanctuary. Its an
illegal act and you can be punished under various IPC sections.